Bespoke Bathroom Electrification Lights | Charles Edwards

Standard Electrification

Exterior Lights - Mews - Wall Lantern

Various technical standards may apply according to the type of product, country of use and area of install. On each product page of our website you can use the Electrification section of the ‘Design Your Own’ form to see the options available. Please find below a summary of our offering. If you would like to discuss the electrification needs of your project our sales team would be happy to hear from you. Contact us.

Other useful resources:

For details on recommended Light Bulbs, Dimming and illumination problem solving see our Bulbs page.

To explore electrification options not listed on the product pages see our Custom Electrification page.

For details on electrical cord options please see our Flex page.

If you would like to have your fixture rewired please visit our Restore and Refurbish page.


Area of Use. What is the difference between Dry, Damp and Wet Listed?

The UL standards define three types of locations for fixtures; Dry, Damp and Wet. It is important to check with your installing electrician the rating required prior to order.

Dry: This location is not normally subject to dampness, but ventilation should be adequate to prevent accumulation of moisture. Almost all indoor areas will be dry locations, including wall lighting either side of a sink in a bathroom.  Notable exceptions are inside shower enclosures, saunas and steam rooms which will require a higher rating.

Damp: A damp location includes some outdoor areas, which have shielding from precipitation. Locations protected from weather and not subject to saturation with water or other liquids but subject to moderate degrees of moisture. Examples of such locations include partially protected locations under canopies, marquees, roofed open porches, and like locations, and interior locations subject to moderate degrees of moisture, such as some basements, some barns, and some cold storage warehouses

Wet: A wet location includes Installations under ground or in concrete slabs or masonry in direct contact with the earth; in locations subject to saturation with water or other liquids, such as vehicle washing areas; and in unprotected locations exposed to weather.


What is the difference between UL Listed and ETL Listed?

There is no difference for a consumer between ETL Listed and UL Listed.

UL 1598 is the technical standard for hanging, wall and gatepost lanterns. UL 153 is the technical standard for table, floor and desk lamps.

UL is both a technical standard and a certification body. ETL is a division of Intertek Testing Laboratories. Intertek ETL is, like UL, an Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)  Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratory (NRTL). Both UL and ETL test and certify to the same UL standards (1598 and 153).

We have worked with the independent certification body ETL to ensure that our product is compliant with UL technical standards and our product is labelled with the ETL mark.

UK and Europe

We have worked with independent testing laboratories to ensure that our product is compliant with current UK and European technical standards and our product is labelled with the CE mark accordingly.

Declarations of conformity can be supplied on request for each fixture.

Area of Use. What is the difference between standard electrification and IP44 rated?

We recommend IP44 rating for most bathroom locations and most outdoor locations, where there is exposure to moisture. It is important to check with your installing electrician the rating required prior to order.

IP stands for Ingress Protection and is followed by two numbers. The first numeral following IP denotes the degree of protection against the intrusion of solid objects and the second numeral denotes the degree of protection against water in electrical enclosures.

An IP44 rating denotes that the electrical enclosure is protected against solid foreign objects greater than 1mm and splashing water. Water splashing against the enclosure from any direction shall have no harmful effect.

Bathrooms in the UK and Europe are divided into IP zones, IP44 is suitable for zone 2 and 3.

Short Rumbold Wall Sconces and Small Hanging Round Frieze Chandelier with custom straight candles and IP44 fittings in Stove Lacquered Nickel in bathroom in Shank’s House, a Grade 1 listed Georgian country house

IP44 - Water-Resistant Bulb Fittings

Suitable for environments with exposure to moisture including bathrooms and outdoors, Charles Edwards IP44-water-resistant bulb fittings are available on all lighting designs.

Designed to look like either a clear candle bulb, or a clear golf ball bulb, there is no compromise to the look of the light when specifying the fitting.

The hand-blown clear glass casing protects an easily replaceable G9 bulb.

We select the most appropriate version of the fitting for your chosen light design. On designs with French Candles the tapering candle arm will need to be replaced with a straight candle arm to accommodate the fitting,as shown on the chandelier and wall sconces.

Pair of Double-arm Hurricane Wall Sconces in white paint in Fustic House, Barbados in home redesigned by Oliver Messel

Rest of World

American or European technical standards apply to most countries around the world. Some countries have a deviation from these standards which we can normally accommodate subject to additional testing. As with all enquiries we recommend that you consult with your installing electrician as to the technical rating required and our sales team will be able to advise the options available.

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